Air Conditioner Motors #air #conditioner #motors,fan #motors,hvac #motors,type #of #electric #motors


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Air Conditioner Motors

Air conditioner motors are some of the crucial components that are required in the operation of the air conditioning in your house. We will discuss the various types of single-phase motors that are used in your equipment at home. Here are four types of electric motors that are commonly being used.

Split-Phase Air Conditioner Motor

This is the simplest design where the RUN winding and START winding are connected in parallel and 90° electrically apart. It is usually used in small pumps, fans and blowers where the capacity is below 1 horsepower. It has a low starting torque but high starting current. Since the torque is low, the ability to start the motor is only practical for low load condition.

The RUN winding is make from bigger diameter wire and shorter turn for lower resistance and high inductance properties. The START winding is make from smaller diameter wire for higher resistance and low inductance properties.

When power is connected to the motor, both the windings will be energized with the current in the RUN winding lags the current in the START winding by about 30° electrically. This out-of-phase effect on the stator produces a starting torque and causes the rotor to start rotating.

Typically the speed of the motor is 1800 rpm or 3600 rpm when running without any load. When the load is connected, the speed can go down to 1725 rpm and 3450 rpm respectively.

The no-load speed of the motor is given by:

Speed(rpm) = (Frequency of AC power X 120)/number of poles

For example, if your supply is 60 Hz and the motor is using two-pole, the synchronous speed = (60X120)/2

= 3600 rpm

There is a switch known as centrifugal switch which is connected in series with the START winding. This mechanical switch will open when the motor speed reaches 75% of the rated speed typically within 2 seconds. Once the switch opened, the START winding in circuit is disconnected.

This is to protect the START winding from overheating. When the motor is powered off, the switch will close the circuit to get ready for the next starting of the motor.

These days, electronic relay is also being widely used to disconnect the START winding.

Capacitor-Start Air Conditioner Motor

This motor is similar to the split-phase motor except that there is an external capacitor that is connected in series with the START winding. This capacitor will cause the current in the START winding to lead the voltage.

The current in the RUN winding lags the voltage. When this happens, the phase difference between the two windings is 90° electrically hence a true two-phase starting is achieved.

The starting torque of this motor is very high making it suitable to drive small compressor which needs to start under full load. The capacity of this motor can go up to 1 horsepower.

Once the motor has reached 75% of the rated speed, the capacitor and the START winding will be automatically disconnected from the circuit by using the centrifugal swith, potential or current relay.

After the capacitor and START winding have been removed from the circuit, the magnetic field being generated continuously will cause the motor to continue running. This type of motor is also known as CSIR motor or Capacitor-Start-Induction-Run motor.

Capacitor-Start, Capacitor-Run Air Conditioner Motor

This motor design is similar to the capacitor-start design except that there is a second capacitor known as the RUN capacitor which is connected in parallel with the START capacitor and the switch.

These capacitors are effectively connected in series with the START winding. During the starting of the motor, both the capacitors are connected in the circuit. The START winding and the RUN winding will remain connected to the circuit at all times.

Usually the capacitance of the RUN capacitor is lower than the START capacitor. During starting, the effective capacitance is the combination of both capacitors causing a greater phase angle shift between the windings.

This provides a higher starting torque and can be used to drive the compressor as well as in belt-driven motors.

As the rotor speed reaches 75% of the rated speed, the switch will be automatically open to disconnect the START capacitor from the circuit. The START winding remains in the circuit.

The RUN capacitor helps to correct the power factor of the circuit making it more efficient. The capacity of this type of motor can go up to 10 horsepower and is one of the most efficient motors used in the HVAC industry.

Permanent Split Capacitor(PSC) Air Conditioner Motor

This motor has similar design to the phase-split motor except that there is a RUN capacitor connected to the START and RUN windings. This motor does not have any switch and the START winding, RUN winding and the RUN capacitor are active whenever the motor is ON.

This type of motor has low starting torque and is suitable to be used in small fan motors such as the fan coil unit of a split air conditioning system.

Multi-speed PSC is achieved by changing the winding resistance. If high speed is required, the terminal is connected to the least winding resistance. If low speed is required, the terminal is connected to the highest winding resistance.

By utilizing relays to choose the terminal to be connected to the line voltage, different speed of fan motor can be achieved.

In the diagram above, there are 4 motor speed that can be selected. Super High(SH), High(H), Medium(M) and Low(L). The selection can be done by using electronic relays to connect L2 to one of the four terminals depending on the speed required.

See the different types of air conditioner blower or fan that are used in the HVAC equipment.

In HVAC, motors are used in fans, compressors and pumps. Get a better understanding of the parameter of the motor and mounting styles.

Read the different types of capacitors used in a air conditioner circuit.

Visiting HVAC events and trade shows are one of the best way to equip yourself with the latest happenings in the air conditioning and refrigeration field. See the listing of events for year 2017-2018.

Find out what chilled water air conditioning is. It is usually used in applications that need large cooling capacity though smaller units are becoming popular in residential applications.

Process Cooling has enabled industries such as textile, plastic mold injection, food processing, packaging and medical to thrive.


What Type of Insurance Do I Need If I – m Renting Out My Home? #type #of #insurance #policies


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What Type of Insurance Do I Need If I m Renting Out My Home?

There are many reasons you might want to rent out your home on either a short- or long-term basis. Depending on the rental scenario, your standard homeowners policy may not cover losses incurred while your home is rented out, and you may require a more specialized insurance policy. So, whether you own a second home that you lease to to tenants, want to rent out a spare bedroom in your house periodically though Airbnb, or make a little extra cash renting out your beach cottage the weeks you’re not using it, the first step should be to call your insurance professional.

Short-Term Rentals/Primary Residence

If you are planning to rent out all or part of your primary residence for a short period of time, for instance, a week or several weekends, there will likely be two insurance scenarios.

  1. Some insurance companies may allow a homeowners or renters policyholder a short-term rental—assuming they have notified the company. Other insurers will require an endorsement (or rider) to the existing insurance policy in order to provide insurance coverage.
  2. If you plan to rent out your primary residence for short periods on a regular basis, to various “guests.” this would constitute a business. Standard homeowners insurance policies do not provide any coverage for business activities conducted in the home. To be properly covered you would need to purchase a business policy—specifically either a hotel or a bed and breakfast policy.

Long-Term Rentals/Second Home

If you are planning to lease your home to one person or a couple or family for a longer period of time, say six months or a year, you will likely need a landlord or rental dwelling policy. Landlord policies generally cost about 25 percent more than a standard homeowners policy to pay for increased protections. If you are regularly renting out a vacation home or investment property, this would also require a landlord or rental dwelling policy.

Landlord policies provide property insurance coverage for physical damage to the structure of the home caused by fire, lightning, wind, hail, ice, snow or other covered perils. It also offers coverage for any personal property you may leave on-site for maintenance or tenant use, like appliances, lawnmowers, and snow blowers.

The policy also includes liability coverage; if a tenant or one of their guests gets hurt on the property, it would cover legal fees and medical expenses.

Most landlord policies provide coverage for loss of rental income in the event you are not able to rent out the property while it is being repaired or rebuilt due to damage from a covered loss. This coverage is generally provided for a specific period of time.

Renters Insurance

As the landlord, your coverage is only on the structure itself and your financial interest in it. Your tenant’s personal possessions are not covered under your policy. In order to avoid disputes arising from damage to the renter’s belongings, many landlords require a tenant to buy renters insurance before signing a lease.


35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found – Curious Type #car #games


#old cars
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35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found in Abondoned Barn

35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found in Abondoned Barn

A recently retired New York man wanted to use his retirement funds wisely, he and his wife decided to buy a home and a few acres in Portugal.

They found a perfect and out of the way farm at a decent price. The modest farm had been vacant for 15 years; the owner and wife both had died, and there were no heirs.

The estate was being sold to pay back taxes. There had been several lookers, but the large barn had steel doors, and they had been welded shut. No one wanted to go to the extra expense to see what was in the barn, and it wasn t complimentary to the property anyway (basically and eyesore) so, no one made an offer on the place.

The New York couple bought it as is, paying just over half of the property s worth; moved in, and set about to access the barn curiosity was killing him.

So, he  and his wife bought a generator and a couple of grinders and cut thru the welds.

Amazing… Total value of all exotic vehicles… just over 35 Million US dollars in rare vintage cars!

The man and his wife had full title to the complete lot of vintage exotic cars.

They re having a great retirement!


35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found – Curious Type #3d #car #games


#old cars
#

35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found in Abondoned Barn

35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found in Abondoned Barn

A recently retired New York man wanted to use his retirement funds wisely, he and his wife decided to buy a home and a few acres in Portugal.

They found a perfect and out of the way farm at a decent price. The modest farm had been vacant for 15 years; the owner and wife both had died, and there were no heirs.

The estate was being sold to pay back taxes. There had been several lookers, but the large barn had steel doors, and they had been welded shut. No one wanted to go to the extra expense to see what was in the barn, and it wasn t complimentary to the property anyway (basically and eyesore) so, no one made an offer on the place.

The New York couple bought it as is, paying just over half of the property s worth; moved in, and set about to access the barn curiosity was killing him.

So, he  and his wife bought a generator and a couple of grinders and cut thru the welds.

Amazing… Total value of all exotic vehicles… just over 35 Million US dollars in rare vintage cars!

The man and his wife had full title to the complete lot of vintage exotic cars.

They re having a great retirement!


35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found – Curious Type #napa #auto #parts #locations


#old cars
#

35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found in Abondoned Barn

35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found in Abondoned Barn

A recently retired New York man wanted to use his retirement funds wisely, he and his wife decided to buy a home and a few acres in Portugal.

They found a perfect and out of the way farm at a decent price. The modest farm had been vacant for 15 years; the owner and wife both had died, and there were no heirs.

The estate was being sold to pay back taxes. There had been several lookers, but the large barn had steel doors, and they had been welded shut. No one wanted to go to the extra expense to see what was in the barn, and it wasn t complimentary to the property anyway (basically and eyesore) so, no one made an offer on the place.

The New York couple bought it as is, paying just over half of the property s worth; moved in, and set about to access the barn curiosity was killing him.

So, he  and his wife bought a generator and a couple of grinders and cut thru the welds.

Amazing… Total value of all exotic vehicles… just over 35 Million US dollars in rare vintage cars!

The man and his wife had full title to the complete lot of vintage exotic cars.

They re having a great retirement!


35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found – Curious Type #direct #car #insurance


#old cars
#

35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found in Abondoned Barn

35 Million Dollar Car Collection Found in Abondoned Barn

A recently retired New York man wanted to use his retirement funds wisely, he and his wife decided to buy a home and a few acres in Portugal.

They found a perfect and out of the way farm at a decent price. The modest farm had been vacant for 15 years; the owner and wife both had died, and there were no heirs.

The estate was being sold to pay back taxes. There had been several lookers, but the large barn had steel doors, and they had been welded shut. No one wanted to go to the extra expense to see what was in the barn, and it wasn t complimentary to the property anyway (basically and eyesore) so, no one made an offer on the place.

The New York couple bought it as is, paying just over half of the property s worth; moved in, and set about to access the barn curiosity was killing him.

So, he  and his wife bought a generator and a couple of grinders and cut thru the welds.

Amazing… Total value of all exotic vehicles… just over 35 Million US dollars in rare vintage cars!

The man and his wife had full title to the complete lot of vintage exotic cars.

They re having a great retirement!