Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles #car #prices #used


#vehicles
#

Propane Vehicles

Related Information

Propane, also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), or autogas, is considered an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act of 1992. According to the Propane Education and Research Council, there are more than 143,000 on-road propane vehicles in the United States. Many are used in fleet applications, such as school buses, shuttles, and police vehicles.

The availability of new light- and medium-duty propane vehicles has surged in recent years, especially for fleet use. Propane vehicles can either be OEM vehicles or conversions. Engines and fueling systems are also available for heavy-duty vehicles, such a street sweepers and school buses, including some prep-ready engines from original equipment manufacturers.

Types of Propane Vehicles

There are two types of propane vehicles: dedicated and bi-fuel. Dedicated propane vehicles are designed to run only on propane, while bi-fuel propane vehicles have two separate fueling systems that enable the vehicle to use either propane or gasoline.

A propane vehicle’s power, acceleration, and cruising speed are similar to those of conventionally-fueled vehicles. The driving range for dedicated and bi-fuel vehicles is also comparable. Extra storage tanks can increase range, but the tank size and additional weight affect payload capacity.

Potentially lower maintenance costs are one reason behind propane’s popularity for use in light- and medium-duty vehicles, such as trucks and taxis, and for heavy-duty vehicles, such as school buses. Propane’s high octane rating (104 to 112 compared with 87 to 92 for gasoline) combined with its low carbon and low oil contamination characteristics may result in longer engine life. Propane performs well cold weather climates because the fuel’s mixture (propane and air) is completely gaseous.

Compared to vehicles fueled with conventional diesel and gasoline, propane vehicles can produce lower amounts of harmful tailpipe emissions. depending on vehicle type and drive cycle.

Enlarge illustration

How Propane Vehicles Work

Propane vehicles work much like gasoline-powered vehicles with spark-ignited engines. Propane is stored as a liquid in a relatively low-pressure tank (about 150 pounds per square inch). In vapor injected systems, liquid propane travels along a fuel line into the engine compartment. The supply of propane to the engine is controlled by a regulator or vaporizer, which converts the liquid propane to a vapor. The vapor is fed to a mixer located near the intake manifold, where it is metered and mixed with filtered air before being drawn into the combustion chamber where it is burned to produce power, just like gasoline. Liquid propane injection engines do not vaporize the propane. These systems have also proven reliable in terms of power, engine durability, and cold starting.


Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles #used #auto


#vehicles
#

Propane Vehicles

Related Information

Propane, also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), or autogas, is considered an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act of 1992. According to the Propane Education and Research Council, there are more than 143,000 on-road propane vehicles in the United States. Many are used in fleet applications, such as school buses, shuttles, and police vehicles.

The availability of new light- and medium-duty propane vehicles has surged in recent years, especially for fleet use. Propane vehicles can either be OEM vehicles or conversions. Engines and fueling systems are also available for heavy-duty vehicles, such a street sweepers and school buses, including some prep-ready engines from original equipment manufacturers.

Types of Propane Vehicles

There are two types of propane vehicles: dedicated and bi-fuel. Dedicated propane vehicles are designed to run only on propane, while bi-fuel propane vehicles have two separate fueling systems that enable the vehicle to use either propane or gasoline.

A propane vehicle’s power, acceleration, and cruising speed are similar to those of conventionally-fueled vehicles. The driving range for dedicated and bi-fuel vehicles is also comparable. Extra storage tanks can increase range, but the tank size and additional weight affect payload capacity.

Potentially lower maintenance costs are one reason behind propane’s popularity for use in light- and medium-duty vehicles, such as trucks and taxis, and for heavy-duty vehicles, such as school buses. Propane’s high octane rating (104 to 112 compared with 87 to 92 for gasoline) combined with its low carbon and low oil contamination characteristics may result in longer engine life. Propane performs well cold weather climates because the fuel’s mixture (propane and air) is completely gaseous.

Compared to vehicles fueled with conventional diesel and gasoline, propane vehicles can produce lower amounts of harmful tailpipe emissions. depending on vehicle type and drive cycle.

Enlarge illustration

How Propane Vehicles Work

Propane vehicles work much like gasoline-powered vehicles with spark-ignited engines. Propane is stored as a liquid in a relatively low-pressure tank (about 150 pounds per square inch). In vapor injected systems, liquid propane travels along a fuel line into the engine compartment. The supply of propane to the engine is controlled by a regulator or vaporizer, which converts the liquid propane to a vapor. The vapor is fed to a mixer located near the intake manifold, where it is metered and mixed with filtered air before being drawn into the combustion chamber where it is burned to produce power, just like gasoline. Liquid propane injection engines do not vaporize the propane. These systems have also proven reliable in terms of power, engine durability, and cold starting.


Top 5 Reasons to NOT Convert Your Car to Propane or LPG #find #car #value


#lpg cars for sale
#

Top 5 Reasons to NOT Convert Your Car to Propane or LPG

There s been a lot of talk lately about bi-fuel cars running on LPG and propane. most notably from Chrysler and Lancia in Europe. but in the US as well, with several companies offering propane conversion kits. Propane has a few advantages of gasoline, of course. It tends to burn more cleanly, it s cheaper, etc.

Still, nothing is perfect. Like any fuel, LPG/propane has some draw-backs that you ll definitely want to be aware of before you pull the trigger and finally convert your car to propane. Here s a brief rundown:

1. Tuning for Propane

As many of you who ve looked under a car s hood lately can tell you, cars in 2013 are rolling computers. There are sensors, processors, wires, connectors a bunch of electronics, in other words, and they re all driven, controlled, and calibrated by software. That software, by the way, is often encrypted by the manufacturers to make it difficult (if not impossible) to change stuff. On top of that, all those sensors, processors, etc. were built for gasoline, not LPG/propane.

What that means to you, would-be-propane converter, is that getting it wrong is far, Far, FAR easier than getting it right. When you get it right, the rewards can be huge. which is why companies like Switzer Performance and Syvecs spend tons of hours and dollars developing engine management solutions for flex-fuel cars and why they charge upwards of $10,000 for a bulletproof conversion which brings me to the next problem.

2. Good Conversions are Expensive

The Switzer/Syvecs flex-fuel conversions I m talking about should be considered neutral ground here, because they focus on ethanol, rather than propane, but did you notice that their conversions are almost exclusively featured on $100,000 sportscars? That s because, as I touched on above, getting conversions right is expensive, and it could be years before a conversion pays for itself.

I can already hear the peanut gallery chanting, That s why I m going to convert an older car: fewer computers to mess with!

Ill grant you that older, simpler vehicles will be easier to convert, yes, but they re also older. As such, they may be (read: will be) less reliable, parts may be harder to source, and it s an objective fact that pretty much every aspect of vehicle performance from acceleration and braking to safety and fuel efficiency has improved significantly since the carburetor became a niche product for guys building Pro-stock Darts in their driveways. So, even though you found that cheap propane conversion kit on eBay and read about how awesome it was on that forum and you re pretty sure you ve got what it takes to convert that old pickup to propane, it might still be years before it pays for itself .

3. Limited Range on Propane Alone

In the introduction of this article, I talked about some large-scale manufacturers developing bi-fuel vehicles that could be run on either propane or gasoline. There s a solid reason for doing so: cars running on propane have less range, compared to the volume of the fuel stored, than cars running on conventional gasoline. The main difference in range comes from a difference in heat energy per liter of fuel (gasoline s is better).

Of course, BTUs are only one small part of the overall equation. It doesn t take into account the thermal efficiency of a fuel, it s detonation-resistance, etc. all of which, if optimized, can tip the scales towards an alt-fuel s favor but we re not talking about building an engine that s optimized for a given fuel. We re talking about converting an existing engine that s been optimized for gasoline. See disadvantages no. 1 and 2, then start adding up the cost of the turbos, intercoolers, injectors, etc. that you ll need to buy and tune for to optimize the engine you re trying to convert.

4. No Universal Connectors

Let s say you decided to convert your car to propane. You ve done the conversion right . You ve skipped the bi-fuel step, since it s impossible to optimize a given hardware set for two fuels, and decided that your LPG is the fuel for me! t-shirt is ripe for the wearing. Good for you. Now, it s time to re-fuel. You head to the nearest KOA campground that sells propane and suddenly, horrifically realize that it was all for nothing.

Their nozzle won t fill your tank.

This isn t strictly an LPG/propane problem. In truth, none of what you re reading about here is a problem that s specific to propane even electric cars are having this problem. Tesla s Supercharger system isn t compatible with Nissan s Leaf, and maybe neither of those are compatible with the SAE s Combo Connector. The lack of universal connectors, nozzles, etc. is an alt-fuel problem of the first order, and one of the biggest obstacles any future fuels will need to overcome.

5. The Tax Credit for Propane is a Joke

In theory, the government will cover 50% of the cost of converting your car or truck to propane. In practice, however, they ll cover $500, which isn t enough (see disadvantages 1-3, again). If it was enough, you d see a bunch of propane conversions. It s not. Ergo, you don t.

Here s the actual DOE wording on the AFV Conversion Tax Credit for your perusal

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Conversion Tax Credit

Businesses or individuals are eligible for an income tax credit of up to 50% of the equipment and labor costs for converting vehicles to operate using alternative fuels. Qualified alternative fuels are compressed and liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), hydrogen, electricity, and fuels containing at least 85% ethanol, methanol, ether, or another alcohol. The maximum credit is $500 for the conversion of vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 pounds (lbs) or less, and $1,000 for vehicles with a GVWR of more than 10,000 lbs. The credit is only available during the year that the business or entity converts the vehicle. An alternative fuel seller may not receive a credit for converting its own vehicles to operate on the alternative fuel they sell. (Reference Montana Code Annotated 15-30-2320)

and let me tell you, that is a shining example of a law about cars written by and for people know less about cars than I do about how to turn blogging into a six-figure income. Not much, in other words!

SO, if you absolutely, positively, must convert your car to propane, my advice is as follows: Spend big money. If you don t have big money, buy a Morgan. If you can t afford a Morgan, stay the f*** away from eBay .


Propane Vehicles – Propane Cars and Trucks – LPG Vehicles #car #design


#lpg cars for sale
#

Propane Vehicles Available

By Christine & Scott Gable. Hybrid & Electric Cars Expert

Propane is a common alt fuel for fleets, buses, delivery trucks and police cars in the United States. Also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), propane powers over 10 million vehicles worldwide, with 270,000 of them on the roadways of America.

Continue Reading Below

The U.S. Department of Energy maintains this up-to-date propane information regarding the availability of light, medium and heavy-duty propane vehicles and conversions, in addition to this searchable database for propane makes and models back to 2001.

Propane Vehicles Offer Cleaner Emissions

Testing of modern propane powered vehicles has proven they are far cleaner than conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, converted propane vehicles are significantly cleaner than gasoline since they offer potentially lower toxic, carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and nonmethane hydrocarbon (NMHC) emissions.

Propane Tax Incentives

There are a variety of federal and state-wide incentives for vehicles that use LPG. This propane vehicle incentive database provides current information regarding the incentives and laws for propane-powered vehicles.

Find a Propane Filling Station Near You

There are about 2,500 propane filling stations in the United States.This propane filling station database. maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy, provides current locations of stations in all 50 states. Current infrastructure development is updated here, and a complete listing of public and private alt fuel fueling stations, searchable by fuel type is also available.


Top 5 Reasons to NOT Convert Your Car to Propane or LPG #auto #auctions


#lpg cars for sale
#

Top 5 Reasons to NOT Convert Your Car to Propane or LPG

There s been a lot of talk lately about bi-fuel cars running on LPG and propane. most notably from Chrysler and Lancia in Europe. but in the US as well, with several companies offering propane conversion kits. Propane has a few advantages of gasoline, of course. It tends to burn more cleanly, it s cheaper, etc.

Still, nothing is perfect. Like any fuel, LPG/propane has some draw-backs that you ll definitely want to be aware of before you pull the trigger and finally convert your car to propane. Here s a brief rundown:

1. Tuning for Propane

As many of you who ve looked under a car s hood lately can tell you, cars in 2013 are rolling computers. There are sensors, processors, wires, connectors a bunch of electronics, in other words, and they re all driven, controlled, and calibrated by software. That software, by the way, is often encrypted by the manufacturers to make it difficult (if not impossible) to change stuff. On top of that, all those sensors, processors, etc. were built for gasoline, not LPG/propane.

What that means to you, would-be-propane converter, is that getting it wrong is far, Far, FAR easier than getting it right. When you get it right, the rewards can be huge. which is why companies like Switzer Performance and Syvecs spend tons of hours and dollars developing engine management solutions for flex-fuel cars and why they charge upwards of $10,000 for a bulletproof conversion which brings me to the next problem.

2. Good Conversions are Expensive

The Switzer/Syvecs flex-fuel conversions I m talking about should be considered neutral ground here, because they focus on ethanol, rather than propane, but did you notice that their conversions are almost exclusively featured on $100,000 sportscars? That s because, as I touched on above, getting conversions right is expensive, and it could be years before a conversion pays for itself.

I can already hear the peanut gallery chanting, That s why I m going to convert an older car: fewer computers to mess with!

Ill grant you that older, simpler vehicles will be easier to convert, yes, but they re also older. As such, they may be (read: will be) less reliable, parts may be harder to source, and it s an objective fact that pretty much every aspect of vehicle performance from acceleration and braking to safety and fuel efficiency has improved significantly since the carburetor became a niche product for guys building Pro-stock Darts in their driveways. So, even though you found that cheap propane conversion kit on eBay and read about how awesome it was on that forum and you re pretty sure you ve got what it takes to convert that old pickup to propane, it might still be years before it pays for itself .

3. Limited Range on Propane Alone

In the introduction of this article, I talked about some large-scale manufacturers developing bi-fuel vehicles that could be run on either propane or gasoline. There s a solid reason for doing so: cars running on propane have less range, compared to the volume of the fuel stored, than cars running on conventional gasoline. The main difference in range comes from a difference in heat energy per liter of fuel (gasoline s is better).

Of course, BTUs are only one small part of the overall equation. It doesn t take into account the thermal efficiency of a fuel, it s detonation-resistance, etc. all of which, if optimized, can tip the scales towards an alt-fuel s favor but we re not talking about building an engine that s optimized for a given fuel. We re talking about converting an existing engine that s been optimized for gasoline. See disadvantages no. 1 and 2, then start adding up the cost of the turbos, intercoolers, injectors, etc. that you ll need to buy and tune for to optimize the engine you re trying to convert.

4. No Universal Connectors

Let s say you decided to convert your car to propane. You ve done the conversion right . You ve skipped the bi-fuel step, since it s impossible to optimize a given hardware set for two fuels, and decided that your LPG is the fuel for me! t-shirt is ripe for the wearing. Good for you. Now, it s time to re-fuel. You head to the nearest KOA campground that sells propane and suddenly, horrifically realize that it was all for nothing.

Their nozzle won t fill your tank.

This isn t strictly an LPG/propane problem. In truth, none of what you re reading about here is a problem that s specific to propane even electric cars are having this problem. Tesla s Supercharger system isn t compatible with Nissan s Leaf, and maybe neither of those are compatible with the SAE s Combo Connector. The lack of universal connectors, nozzles, etc. is an alt-fuel problem of the first order, and one of the biggest obstacles any future fuels will need to overcome.

5. The Tax Credit for Propane is a Joke

In theory, the government will cover 50% of the cost of converting your car or truck to propane. In practice, however, they ll cover $500, which isn t enough (see disadvantages 1-3, again). If it was enough, you d see a bunch of propane conversions. It s not. Ergo, you don t.

Here s the actual DOE wording on the AFV Conversion Tax Credit for your perusal

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Conversion Tax Credit

Businesses or individuals are eligible for an income tax credit of up to 50% of the equipment and labor costs for converting vehicles to operate using alternative fuels. Qualified alternative fuels are compressed and liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), hydrogen, electricity, and fuels containing at least 85% ethanol, methanol, ether, or another alcohol. The maximum credit is $500 for the conversion of vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 pounds (lbs) or less, and $1,000 for vehicles with a GVWR of more than 10,000 lbs. The credit is only available during the year that the business or entity converts the vehicle. An alternative fuel seller may not receive a credit for converting its own vehicles to operate on the alternative fuel they sell. (Reference Montana Code Annotated 15-30-2320)

and let me tell you, that is a shining example of a law about cars written by and for people know less about cars than I do about how to turn blogging into a six-figure income. Not much, in other words!

SO, if you absolutely, positively, must convert your car to propane, my advice is as follows: Spend big money. If you don t have big money, buy a Morgan. If you can t afford a Morgan, stay the f*** away from eBay .


Propane Conversion Kits – Convert Car to Propane #lease #cars


#lpg cars for sale
#

Propane and LPG Conversions

Continue Reading Below

It has actually been a much more popular choice in Europe and other countries due to less stringent regulations and higher petrol prices. Even though propane powered engines offer cleaner emissions along with 10 to 15 percent less carbon dioxide. 20 percent less carbon monoxide and 50 to 60 percent less hydrocarbons and nitric oxide, tighter emissions regulations have changed the way conversion companies can do business.

While generic propane conversions used to be common fare for a trained mechanic (generally not for the DIY-er, though), most four-stroke engines (carbureted and fuel-injected) can still be converted to operate on propane when a certified technician installs the correct kit.

And propane’s minimal sooting, owing to its low carbon content, means increased engine life, fewer oil changes and longer spark plug life.

Although it may take some legwork on your part, it can be worth converting to propane if you have a propane filling station in your area that makes fueling up easily accessible and less expensive. Unfortunately there is not a huge list of U.S. propane conversion companies with an online presence that sell street-ready passenger car kits or do conversions (some have websites, many don’t).

Continue Reading Below

Prices for a full conversion by a qualified technician can range from $3,000 to $4,000. Hopefully you’ll be close to one of the shops that is on RASO Enterprises’ extensive shop list (below), and they can help you go from there.

Please let us know if there are any other companies that offer EPA-approved kits or installation that we should include here.

  • Got Propane? – Based in Tempe, AZ, the eye-catching off-roading photos on this company’s website showcase propane’s ability to operate at any angle with no loss of power or fuel spillage. *Note: These kits are only for off-road vehicles, and this company does not sell kits for late model cars and trucks (1987 and newer).
  • Powered by Propane – This company provides propane conversion kits for 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8-cylinder vehicles. With online ordering available. their propane/gas hybrid kits range in price from $1,250 to $1,650. Although installation is recommended to be performed by a certified technician, downloadable schematics and installation instructions are provided directly from the site, for qualified DIYers. *Beware of purchasing kits that do not meet EPA regulations for on-road use.
  • RASO Enterprises – In addition to selling kits, this company provides a wealth of information to help you find a certified conversion shop in the United States (listed by state) or Canadian conversion center. Most of these shops specialize in heavy duty/commercial vehicles with minimal offerings for passenger cars. There are links to find kits for your personal car fleet vehicles. (options are limited) or off-road and agricultural equipment. This site also refers to TECHNOCARB. the manufacturer of many different conversion kits.

  • Top 5 Reasons to NOT Convert Your Car to Propane or LPG #used #car #for #sales


    #lpg cars for sale
    #

    Top 5 Reasons to NOT Convert Your Car to Propane or LPG

    There s been a lot of talk lately about bi-fuel cars running on LPG and propane. most notably from Chrysler and Lancia in Europe. but in the US as well, with several companies offering propane conversion kits. Propane has a few advantages of gasoline, of course. It tends to burn more cleanly, it s cheaper, etc.

    Still, nothing is perfect. Like any fuel, LPG/propane has some draw-backs that you ll definitely want to be aware of before you pull the trigger and finally convert your car to propane. Here s a brief rundown:

    1. Tuning for Propane

    As many of you who ve looked under a car s hood lately can tell you, cars in 2013 are rolling computers. There are sensors, processors, wires, connectors a bunch of electronics, in other words, and they re all driven, controlled, and calibrated by software. That software, by the way, is often encrypted by the manufacturers to make it difficult (if not impossible) to change stuff. On top of that, all those sensors, processors, etc. were built for gasoline, not LPG/propane.

    What that means to you, would-be-propane converter, is that getting it wrong is far, Far, FAR easier than getting it right. When you get it right, the rewards can be huge. which is why companies like Switzer Performance and Syvecs spend tons of hours and dollars developing engine management solutions for flex-fuel cars and why they charge upwards of $10,000 for a bulletproof conversion which brings me to the next problem.

    2. Good Conversions are Expensive

    The Switzer/Syvecs flex-fuel conversions I m talking about should be considered neutral ground here, because they focus on ethanol, rather than propane, but did you notice that their conversions are almost exclusively featured on $100,000 sportscars? That s because, as I touched on above, getting conversions right is expensive, and it could be years before a conversion pays for itself.

    I can already hear the peanut gallery chanting, That s why I m going to convert an older car: fewer computers to mess with!

    Ill grant you that older, simpler vehicles will be easier to convert, yes, but they re also older. As such, they may be (read: will be) less reliable, parts may be harder to source, and it s an objective fact that pretty much every aspect of vehicle performance from acceleration and braking to safety and fuel efficiency has improved significantly since the carburetor became a niche product for guys building Pro-stock Darts in their driveways. So, even though you found that cheap propane conversion kit on eBay and read about how awesome it was on that forum and you re pretty sure you ve got what it takes to convert that old pickup to propane, it might still be years before it pays for itself .

    3. Limited Range on Propane Alone

    In the introduction of this article, I talked about some large-scale manufacturers developing bi-fuel vehicles that could be run on either propane or gasoline. There s a solid reason for doing so: cars running on propane have less range, compared to the volume of the fuel stored, than cars running on conventional gasoline. The main difference in range comes from a difference in heat energy per liter of fuel (gasoline s is better).

    Of course, BTUs are only one small part of the overall equation. It doesn t take into account the thermal efficiency of a fuel, it s detonation-resistance, etc. all of which, if optimized, can tip the scales towards an alt-fuel s favor but we re not talking about building an engine that s optimized for a given fuel. We re talking about converting an existing engine that s been optimized for gasoline. See disadvantages no. 1 and 2, then start adding up the cost of the turbos, intercoolers, injectors, etc. that you ll need to buy and tune for to optimize the engine you re trying to convert.

    4. No Universal Connectors

    Let s say you decided to convert your car to propane. You ve done the conversion right . You ve skipped the bi-fuel step, since it s impossible to optimize a given hardware set for two fuels, and decided that your LPG is the fuel for me! t-shirt is ripe for the wearing. Good for you. Now, it s time to re-fuel. You head to the nearest KOA campground that sells propane and suddenly, horrifically realize that it was all for nothing.

    Their nozzle won t fill your tank.

    This isn t strictly an LPG/propane problem. In truth, none of what you re reading about here is a problem that s specific to propane even electric cars are having this problem. Tesla s Supercharger system isn t compatible with Nissan s Leaf, and maybe neither of those are compatible with the SAE s Combo Connector. The lack of universal connectors, nozzles, etc. is an alt-fuel problem of the first order, and one of the biggest obstacles any future fuels will need to overcome.

    5. The Tax Credit for Propane is a Joke

    In theory, the government will cover 50% of the cost of converting your car or truck to propane. In practice, however, they ll cover $500, which isn t enough (see disadvantages 1-3, again). If it was enough, you d see a bunch of propane conversions. It s not. Ergo, you don t.

    Here s the actual DOE wording on the AFV Conversion Tax Credit for your perusal

    Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Conversion Tax Credit

    Businesses or individuals are eligible for an income tax credit of up to 50% of the equipment and labor costs for converting vehicles to operate using alternative fuels. Qualified alternative fuels are compressed and liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), hydrogen, electricity, and fuels containing at least 85% ethanol, methanol, ether, or another alcohol. The maximum credit is $500 for the conversion of vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 pounds (lbs) or less, and $1,000 for vehicles with a GVWR of more than 10,000 lbs. The credit is only available during the year that the business or entity converts the vehicle. An alternative fuel seller may not receive a credit for converting its own vehicles to operate on the alternative fuel they sell. (Reference Montana Code Annotated 15-30-2320)

    and let me tell you, that is a shining example of a law about cars written by and for people know less about cars than I do about how to turn blogging into a six-figure income. Not much, in other words!

    SO, if you absolutely, positively, must convert your car to propane, my advice is as follows: Spend big money. If you don t have big money, buy a Morgan. If you can t afford a Morgan, stay the f*** away from eBay .


    Propane Vehicles – Propane Cars and Trucks – LPG Vehicles #trademe #cars


    #lpg cars for sale
    #

    Propane Vehicles Available

    By Christine & Scott Gable. Hybrid & Electric Cars Expert

    Propane is a common alt fuel for fleets, buses, delivery trucks and police cars in the United States. Also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), propane powers over 10 million vehicles worldwide, with 270,000 of them on the roadways of America.

    Continue Reading Below

    The U.S. Department of Energy maintains this up-to-date propane information regarding the availability of light, medium and heavy-duty propane vehicles and conversions, in addition to this searchable database for propane makes and models back to 2001.

    Propane Vehicles Offer Cleaner Emissions

    Testing of modern propane powered vehicles has proven they are far cleaner than conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, converted propane vehicles are significantly cleaner than gasoline since they offer potentially lower toxic, carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and nonmethane hydrocarbon (NMHC) emissions.

    Propane Tax Incentives

    There are a variety of federal and state-wide incentives for vehicles that use LPG. This propane vehicle incentive database provides current information regarding the incentives and laws for propane-powered vehicles.

    Find a Propane Filling Station Near You

    There are about 2,500 propane filling stations in the United States.This propane filling station database. maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy, provides current locations of stations in all 50 states. Current infrastructure development is updated here, and a complete listing of public and private alt fuel fueling stations, searchable by fuel type is also available.


    Top 5 Reasons to NOT Convert Your Car to Propane or LPG


    #lpg cars for sale
    #

    Top 5 Reasons to NOT Convert Your Car to Propane or LPG

    There s been a lot of talk lately about bi-fuel cars running on LPG and propane. most notably from Chrysler and Lancia in Europe. but in the US as well, with several companies offering propane conversion kits. Propane has a few advantages of gasoline, of course. It tends to burn more cleanly, it s cheaper, etc.

    Still, nothing is perfect. Like any fuel, LPG/propane has some draw-backs that you ll definitely want to be aware of before you pull the trigger and finally convert your car to propane. Here s a brief rundown:

    1. Tuning for Propane

    As many of you who ve looked under a car s hood lately can tell you, cars in 2013 are rolling computers. There are sensors, processors, wires, connectors a bunch of electronics, in other words, and they re all driven, controlled, and calibrated by software. That software, by the way, is often encrypted by the manufacturers to make it difficult (if not impossible) to change stuff. On top of that, all those sensors, processors, etc. were built for gasoline, not LPG/propane.

    What that means to you, would-be-propane converter, is that getting it wrong is far, Far, FAR easier than getting it right. When you get it right, the rewards can be huge. which is why companies like Switzer Performance and Syvecs spend tons of hours and dollars developing engine management solutions for flex-fuel cars and why they charge upwards of $10,000 for a bulletproof conversion which brings me to the next problem.

    2. Good Conversions are Expensive

    The Switzer/Syvecs flex-fuel conversions I m talking about should be considered neutral ground here, because they focus on ethanol, rather than propane, but did you notice that their conversions are almost exclusively featured on $100,000 sportscars? That s because, as I touched on above, getting conversions right is expensive, and it could be years before a conversion pays for itself.

    I can already hear the peanut gallery chanting, That s why I m going to convert an older car: fewer computers to mess with!

    Ill grant you that older, simpler vehicles will be easier to convert, yes, but they re also older. As such, they may be (read: will be) less reliable, parts may be harder to source, and it s an objective fact that pretty much every aspect of vehicle performance from acceleration and braking to safety and fuel efficiency has improved significantly since the carburetor became a niche product for guys building Pro-stock Darts in their driveways. So, even though you found that cheap propane conversion kit on eBay and read about how awesome it was on that forum and you re pretty sure you ve got what it takes to convert that old pickup to propane, it might still be years before it pays for itself .

    3. Limited Range on Propane Alone

    In the introduction of this article, I talked about some large-scale manufacturers developing bi-fuel vehicles that could be run on either propane or gasoline. There s a solid reason for doing so: cars running on propane have less range, compared to the volume of the fuel stored, than cars running on conventional gasoline. The main difference in range comes from a difference in heat energy per liter of fuel (gasoline s is better).

    Of course, BTUs are only one small part of the overall equation. It doesn t take into account the thermal efficiency of a fuel, it s detonation-resistance, etc. all of which, if optimized, can tip the scales towards an alt-fuel s favor but we re not talking about building an engine that s optimized for a given fuel. We re talking about converting an existing engine that s been optimized for gasoline. See disadvantages no. 1 and 2, then start adding up the cost of the turbos, intercoolers, injectors, etc. that you ll need to buy and tune for to optimize the engine you re trying to convert.

    4. No Universal Connectors

    Let s say you decided to convert your car to propane. You ve done the conversion right . You ve skipped the bi-fuel step, since it s impossible to optimize a given hardware set for two fuels, and decided that your LPG is the fuel for me! t-shirt is ripe for the wearing. Good for you. Now, it s time to re-fuel. You head to the nearest KOA campground that sells propane and suddenly, horrifically realize that it was all for nothing.

    Their nozzle won t fill your tank.

    This isn t strictly an LPG/propane problem. In truth, none of what you re reading about here is a problem that s specific to propane even electric cars are having this problem. Tesla s Supercharger system isn t compatible with Nissan s Leaf, and maybe neither of those are compatible with the SAE s Combo Connector. The lack of universal connectors, nozzles, etc. is an alt-fuel problem of the first order, and one of the biggest obstacles any future fuels will need to overcome.

    5. The Tax Credit for Propane is a Joke

    In theory, the government will cover 50% of the cost of converting your car or truck to propane. In practice, however, they ll cover $500, which isn t enough (see disadvantages 1-3, again). If it was enough, you d see a bunch of propane conversions. It s not. Ergo, you don t.

    Here s the actual DOE wording on the AFV Conversion Tax Credit for your perusal

    Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Conversion Tax Credit

    Businesses or individuals are eligible for an income tax credit of up to 50% of the equipment and labor costs for converting vehicles to operate using alternative fuels. Qualified alternative fuels are compressed and liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), hydrogen, electricity, and fuels containing at least 85% ethanol, methanol, ether, or another alcohol. The maximum credit is $500 for the conversion of vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 pounds (lbs) or less, and $1,000 for vehicles with a GVWR of more than 10,000 lbs. The credit is only available during the year that the business or entity converts the vehicle. An alternative fuel seller may not receive a credit for converting its own vehicles to operate on the alternative fuel they sell. (Reference Montana Code Annotated 15-30-2320)

    and let me tell you, that is a shining example of a law about cars written by and for people know less about cars than I do about how to turn blogging into a six-figure income. Not much, in other words!

    SO, if you absolutely, positively, must convert your car to propane, my advice is as follows: Spend big money. If you don t have big money, buy a Morgan. If you can t afford a Morgan, stay the f*** away from eBay .


    Propane Conversion Kits – Convert Car to Propane


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    Propane and LPG Conversions

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    It has actually been a much more popular choice in Europe and other countries due to less stringent regulations and higher petrol prices. Even though propane powered engines offer cleaner emissions along with 10 to 15 percent less carbon dioxide. 20 percent less carbon monoxide and 50 to 60 percent less hydrocarbons and nitric oxide, tighter emissions regulations have changed the way conversion companies can do business.

    While generic propane conversions used to be common fare for a trained mechanic (generally not for the DIY-er, though), most four-stroke engines (carbureted and fuel-injected) can still be converted to operate on propane when a certified technician installs the correct kit.

    And propane’s minimal sooting, owing to its low carbon content, means increased engine life, fewer oil changes and longer spark plug life.

    Although it may take some legwork on your part, it can be worth converting to propane if you have a propane filling station in your area that makes fueling up easily accessible and less expensive. Unfortunately there is not a huge list of U.S. propane conversion companies with an online presence that sell street-ready passenger car kits or do conversions (some have websites, many don’t).

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    Prices for a full conversion by a qualified technician can range from $3,000 to $4,000. Hopefully you’ll be close to one of the shops that is on RASO Enterprises’ extensive shop list (below), and they can help you go from there.

    Please let us know if there are any other companies that offer EPA-approved kits or installation that we should include here.

    • Got Propane? – Based in Tempe, AZ, the eye-catching off-roading photos on this company’s website showcase propane’s ability to operate at any angle with no loss of power or fuel spillage. *Note: These kits are only for off-road vehicles, and this company does not sell kits for late model cars and trucks (1987 and newer).
  • Powered by Propane – This company provides propane conversion kits for 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8-cylinder vehicles. With online ordering available. their propane/gas hybrid kits range in price from $1,250 to $1,650. Although installation is recommended to be performed by a certified technician, downloadable schematics and installation instructions are provided directly from the site, for qualified DIYers. *Beware of purchasing kits that do not meet EPA regulations for on-road use.
  • RASO Enterprises – In addition to selling kits, this company provides a wealth of information to help you find a certified conversion shop in the United States (listed by state) or Canadian conversion center. Most of these shops specialize in heavy duty/commercial vehicles with minimal offerings for passenger cars. There are links to find kits for your personal car fleet vehicles. (options are limited) or off-road and agricultural equipment. This site also refers to TECHNOCARB. the manufacturer of many different conversion kits.