Human Resource Clerk: Job Description, Duties and Requirements #human #resource #clerk: #job #description, #duties #and #requirements


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Human Resource Clerk: Job Description, Duties and Requirements

Human Resource Clerk Job Description

Human resource clerks, also called human resource assistants, help compile and maintain employee records for a company or organization. Assistants typically aid with the daily administrative operations of the human resource department and interact with employees, management and other business associates. Knowledge of company and legal employment policies, office procedures and customer service standards typically is essential for those working in a human resource department.

Job Duties of a Human Resource Clerk

The responsibilities of a human resource assistant can vary depending on the size of the organization. Large corporations may have tiered human resource positions, with entry-level assistants processing paperwork or updating employee information, while more advanced workers manage job descriptions, perform accounting tasks or review benefits. In contrast, small to mid-sized companies might demand more of human resource assistants and clerks. Responsibilities may include:

  • Maintaining employee records
  • Presenting benefits packages
  • Interviewing new employees, checking references and organizing background checks
  • Providing policy training

Employment Outlook and Salary Info

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that human resources assistants earned a median annual wage of $38,100 as of May 2015. The number of working assistants in this field was expected to decrease by about 4% between 2014 and 2024.

Education and Skill Requirements for Human Resource Clerks

Many companies require that a human resource assistant have a high school diploma or equivalent, though some may seek college graduates with an associate or bachelor’s degree in human resource management. Employers might offer job training to those who are new to the field, though many prefer those with previous experience in business and human resources.

Familiarity with computers and office procedures is typically necessary, including an understanding of word processing and spreadsheet software. Some organizations may request knowledge of bookkeeping, training or pre-employment screening. Written and verbal communication is an essential skill since clerks are often key points of contact for employees and other companies. Likewise, decision-making and conflict management abilities are often useful in a human resource position.

Formal Training and Certification

Adequate training and an understanding of employment laws and regulations are vital to a human resource assistant. Several community colleges, universities and organizations offer professional training in the field. Clerks and assistants with two or more years’ experience qualify to earn optional certification through the HR Certification Institute, providing an opportunity to demonstrate sufficient knowledge and skills in employee policies and office management. Certification is valid for three years and can be maintained through continuing education classes, work experience and professional organization membership.

Human resource clerks may find positions with only a high school diploma, but many employers require an associate’s or bachelor’s degree. Certification is available for this position after gaining experience in the workforce. Those in this position can expect a median annual salary around $38,000.

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  • What to Look for in a Private Criminal Defense Attorney #duties #of #a #defense #attorney


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    What to Look for in a Private Criminal Defense Attorney

    The attorney you’re looking for will probably not be the same person who handled your will, or helped you buy a house, or whom you aunt used when she was involved in a car accident. These all were civil attorneys, whereas you want someone who specializes in criminal law. (In small town, however, you may have no choice but to hire someone who practices in both areanas.)

    Civil versus Criminal Attorneys

    Private criminal defense lawyers tend to practice either on their own or in small partnerships, and in a specific geographical setting. By contrast, attorneys who handle civil cases tend to congregate in large corporate law firms with branch offices in many cities.

    While personality differences between civil and criminal attorneys may account for some of the variance, the biggest factor is the differing nature of the work:

    • Big-firm civil attorneys tend to represent companies who do business all over the country or the world. Criminal defense lawyers represent individuals whose problems are usually quite local.
    • Companies represented by big-firm civil lawyers have a continual need for legal advice and representation. Individual criminal defendants tend to be one-shot players with nonrecurring or sporadic legal needs.

    The typical private defense attorney has had several years of experience working for the government before going into private practice, either as a prosecutor (often, a district attorney or city attorney) or as a public defender.

    The Local Advantage

    A defendant should try to hire an attorney with experience in the courthouse where the defendant s case is pending. Though the same laws may be in effect throughout a state, procedures vary from one courthouse to another. For example, the D.A. in one county may have a no-plea-bargaining policy with respect to a certain offense, while the D.A. in a neighboring county may have no such policy. Or, defense attorneys in one county may know which prosecutors are more likely to plead right before trial, as against those who will negotiate in advance. Local attorneys also know the police officers and how they perform in court before juries. Defendants should prefer attorneys who have experience with local procedures and personnel.

    Experience with the Crimes Charged

    A defendant should also try to find an attorney who has represented defendants charged with the same or very similar offenses. Modern criminal law is so complex that many lawyers specialize in particular types of offenses. For example, one may specialize in drunk driving, another in drug offenses, and another in white-collar crimes (generally referring to nonviolent, money-related crimes, such as tax fraud or embezzlement).

    It is perfectly appropriate for a defendant to inquire during the initial consultation about the attorney s experience. A defendant should not hire a lawyer who refuses to specifically discuss her experience or gives vague, unrevealing answers.

    EXAMPLE: Zach Michaels is charged with driving under the influence of alcohol (drunk driving). Zach might ask the lawyer he s thinking of retaining such questions as:

    • Have you represented people who have been charged with drunk driving?
    • What percentage of your practice involves representing people charged with drunk driving?
    • Are you certified as a specialist in drunk driving cases? (Some states allow attorneys to qualify as specialists in specific areas of practice; others do not.)
    • What percentage of your practice involves appearing in the court that my case will be assigned to?

    Because most private lawyers have years of criminal law experience either as a prosecutor or as a P.D. before going into private practice, defendants should not have to sacrifice quality to find attorneys who have local experience with their types of cases.

    The Personal Factor

    A defendant s lawyer speaks for the defendant. No matter how highly recommended a lawyer may be, it is also important that the lawyer be someone with whom the defendant is personally comfortable. The best attorney-client relationships are those in which clients are full partners in the decision-making process, and defendants should try to hire lawyers who see them as partners, not as case files.

    Thus, defendants should ask themselves questions such as these when considering whether to hire a particular lawyer:

    • Does the attorney seem to be someone I can work with and talk openly to?
    • Does the attorney explain things in a way that I can understand?
    • Does the lawyer show personal concern and a genuine desire to want to help?
    • Do the lawyer s concerns extend to my overall personal situation, rather than just the crime with which I m charged?
    • Does the lawyer appear to be a person who will engender trust in prosecutors, judges, and, if necessary, jurors?

    This article was excerpted from The Criminal Law Handbook . by Paul Bergman, J.D. and Sara J. Berman, J.D.

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    Advantages and Disadvantages of a CNA Job in LTC #cna #jobs, #nurse #aide #ltc, #long #term #care #cna, #cna #duties, #certified #nurse #aide, #nurse #assistant


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    Long Term Care CNA Jobs

    Advantages and Disadvantages of a CNA Job in LTC

    Are there significant differences between a nurse aide’s job in a long term care facility as opposed to a CNA working in home health care? The answer to this question may help a certified nurse aide choose wisely between several job offers which involve different work environments. Our analysis seeks to realistically illustrate the advantages and disadvantages of a CNA job in a nursing home while additional articles reveal the pros and cons of working as a nurse aide in home health care and hospitals. A certified nurse aide employed in a long-term care facility is responsible for providing basic patient care to a large number of residents.

    The clinical component in every CNA course prepares you for the usual tasks required in nursing homes: answering call bells, measuring vital signs, feeding patients, helping with grooming, toileting, bathing, and oral hygiene, performing range of motion exercises, transferring patients, and assisting with ambulating. Transferring a client from bed to a wheelchair usually involves operating lifting equipment and a CNA must be trained to properly operate whatever equipment the nursing home uses. Aside from the responsibilities mentioned above which mainly involve providing help to clients with activities of daily living, additional CNA tasks are gathering dirty laundry, maintaining clean and orderly rooms, socializing with and providing emotional support to residents, and helping the LPN or RN in charge with postmortem care. A very important part of a nurse aide job in long-term care facilities is documenting the care provided to each patient and recording vital signs, intake and output, as well as weight measurements. The documentation is used by nurses and physicians to monitor and adjust a resident’s plan of care.

    There are several attractive features of being employed as a CNA in a nursing home as opposed to home health care or hospital settings. A long-term care facility usually offers a higher salary and more employee benefits to their nursing assistants than other health care settings. Most nursing homes units have at least two certified nurse aides working on the same floor and they often help each other with client transfers or in cases of combative resident behavior. Each CNA needs at least twelve hours of in-service education credits in order to maintain state-certification, which are provided by nursing homes at no cost for their employees. Long-term care facilities are known to offer extended work hours and overtime pay to nurse aide employees who are willing to work beyond forty hours per week. A certified nurse aide who completes her job duties in a timely and professional manner may benefit from yearly increases in salary as well as the opportunity to be sponsored financially for pursuing a nursing career such as a licensed practical nurse or registered nurse program.

    Working in a nursing home is not every nurse aide’s choice. One of the most frequently encountered complaint is lack of time to properly complete all the tasks of a typical work shift. Each task a nurse aide performs has an assigned time period but the alloted time is often inadequate and it does not take into consideration other important factors which cause delay. For example a bed bath should be completed in fifteen minutes but it takes longer when the resident is combative and non-cooperative. The extra time spent taking care of one client shortens the time dedicated to another patient and it is not uncommon to hear CNAs compare their nursing-home jobs to an assembly line.

    Insufficient staffing is one of the common themes seen in long-term care, affecting both nurse aide employees and residents. Adequate, proper patient care is hard to come by when too many patients are assigned to a single CNA. Frustration, stress, and job burn-out are the results of inadequate staffing especially when the CNA to patient ratio becomes one to twenty. Completing all the required patient care often becomes impossible and nurse aides find themselves leaving out less important tasks, taking shortcuts, as well as rushing through any social interactions. A CNA work in a long-term care facility can often be hectic, fast-paced, and stressful. Unfortunately, the human component involved in the care of residents is often the first thing to be neglected when a nurse aide is short on time.

    Questions, Comments, Suggestions

    Shavera on August 18, 2014 at 09:53 AM
    After becoming a CNA how much more experience, training or school has to be done to become a registered nurse?

    Admin on August 18, 2014 at 11:32 PM
    CNA training classes are usually between six and eight weeks long. During training you learn to provide assistance with activities of daily living to clients which are elderly, sick, or disabled. A registered nurse program involves a lot more studying than a CNA course. Associate degree nursing programs require at least two years of study and clinical practice, while bachelor’s degree RN programs require four years of study and hands-on practice.

    CNA Resources

    Recruitment Retention

    What are some strategies that can be implemented at the state and facility level to improve the recruitment and retention of certified nurse assistants? One of the most important factors in retaining CNA staff is to offer realistic clinical training which prepares one for the actual working conditions in a long-term care facility. Another retention strategy is to make sure that a nurse aide job orientation is not rushed but allows the new employee sufficient time to accommodate and learn in the new environment.

    Long-term care facilities are the primary employers of certified nurse aides. It is essential that every facility offers in-service training education hours, addresses working relationships between nurse aides and other staff, promptly resolves conflict of any nature, and provides leadership opportunities for CNA staff. Recruitment of certified nurse aides can be greatly improved if tuition reimbursement for CNA training classes as well as college courses is made readily available.

    More states need to implement a CNA career ladder which differentiates between different skill levels and allows a nurse aide to advance within their practice area. Career ladders improve the recruitment and retention of health care paraprofessionals by enabling personal improvement and career development.

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    Mortgage Loan Consultant: Job Description, Duties and Requirements #mortgage #loan #consultant: #job #description, #duties #and #requirements


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    Mortgage Loan Consultant: Job Description, Duties and Requirements

    Job Description for a Mortgage Loan Consultant

    Mortgage loan consultants deal with lending institutions, acting on the behalf of potential borrowers to get the best loan for their financial situation. Rather than work directly for a bank like loan officers, these consultants work as independent contractors. They often develop relationships with real estate agents who might then recommend these mortgage loan consultants to their clients when they are ready to apply for a loan. Their annual earnings are often based on commission from the number and type of loans they broker each year.

    Duties

    Mortgage loan consultants perform the same duties as a bank loan officer. These include collecting personal information in a loan application, using it to assess a borrower’s credit and financial history and explaining the loan process to the applicants. They often use underwriting software to determine how much an applicant can afford to borrow and be able to pay back. Loan consultants deal with multiple banks in order to broker the best loan amount and interest rate for their clients.

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    Requirements

    Education Requirements

    Like becoming a bank loan officer, becoming a mortgage loan consultant requires only a high school diploma and a license which requires 20 hours of approved coursework. However, mortgage loan consultants who specialize in commercial mortgages often hold a bachelor’s degree in economics or finance because they must be able to analyze a business’s financial standing.

    Licensing Requirements

    All mortgage loan officers and consultants must be licensed. Licensing requires 20 hours of coursework, all of which must be approved by the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and Registry. Coursework includes classes on federal mortgaging regulations, nontraditional mortgaging situations and ethics. Candidates must also pass a licensing exam and a criminal background check.

    Certification Requirements

    Though certification is not required, becoming a Certified Mortgage Consultant (CMC) demonstrates that a consultant holds the highest level of certification awarded to mortgage brokers by the National Association of Mortgage Brokers. Obtaining the CMC designation requires five years of work experience and 100 qualifying points, which are earned through various combinations of formal and professional education, work experience, professional certifications and leadership activities. Recertification requires an additional 30 hours of continuing education and is required every three years.

    Employment Outlook and Salary Information

    As of May 2015, the average yearly salary of loan officers was $75,170, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) said. From 2014-2024, the BLS projected 8% employment growth for these professionals, which was about as fast as the average for all occupations. This prediction is based, in part, on lending activity returning after the recession.

    Mortgage loan officers require only a high school diploma, but need a bachelor’s degree for some positions or to work on commercial real estate loans. They must be licensed, which usually includes completing coursework, passing a background check, and passing an exam. Certification is available, but not always required.

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    Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a behavioral consultant. Get a quick view of the requirements as.

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